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Cape Canary

From Opus

Photo by MybsHelderberg Nature Reserve, south-western Cape, October 2004
Photo by Mybs
Helderberg Nature Reserve, south-western Cape, October 2004
Serinus canicollis

Includes Yellow-crowned Canary


[edit] Identification

11·5–14 cm (4½-5½ in)
Adult male

  • Green back with black edged wing feathers wings and tail
  • Yellow underparts, rump and tail sides
  • White lower belly
  • Rear head and neck are grey
  • Cinnamon face

Female similar to male, but has less grey on the head.
Juvenile: greenish-yellow underparts with heavy brown streaking

[edit] Similar Species

JuvenilePhoto by Doc DuckVerloren Vallei, near Dullstroom, South Africa, February 2017
Photo by Doc Duck
Verloren Vallei, near Dullstroom, South Africa, February 2017

This species is easily distinguished from the Yellow-fronted Canary by its lack of black face markings.

[edit] Distribution

South-eastern southern Africa.

[edit] Taxonomy

Formerly considered conspecific with Yellow-crowned Canary.

[edit] Subspecies

Three subspecies are recognised[1]:

  • S. c. canicollis; south-western Cape to western Free State and southern KwaZulu-Natal
  • S. c. thompsonae; Lesotho, eastern Free State and northern KwaZulu-Natal to Limpopo Province
  • S. c. griseitergum; eastern Zimbabwe and adjacent Mozambique highlands

[edit] Habitat

Scrub and grasslands with trees, copses, plantations, gardens, parks, road verges, croplands, orchards, fybos, montane grasslands. Most common in highland areas, but is found in coastal bush in South Africa.

[edit] Behaviour

Occurs singly, in pairs, or in flocks of up to 500.

[edit] Diet

Forages for seeds on ground, and in scrub, weeds, and trees.

[edit] Breeding

It builds a compact cup nest, commonly in a shrub.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from
  2. Fry H, Keith S,Woodcook M & Willis I. 2004. Birds of Africa Vol VII: Sparrows to Buntings. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0713665319
  3. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533
  4. Sinclair, I and P Ryan. 2003. Birds of Africa South of the Sahara. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691118154
  5. AvianWeb

[edit] External Links


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