Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Zeiss - Always on the lookout for something special – Shop now

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Opticron - NEW DBA VHD+ 8x42, 10x42. Prices from £579
Main Categories

Eurasian Wren

From Opus

(Redirected from Common Wren)
Subspecies T. t. troglodytes Photo © by gaviao-realNetherlands, June 2009
Subspecies T. t. troglodytes
Photo © by gaviao-real
Netherlands, June 2009
Troglodytes troglodytes

Contents

[edit] Identification

Subspecies T. t. indigenus Photo © by Steve RoundWirral, Cheshire, England, July 2004
Subspecies T. t. indigenus
Photo © by Steve Round
Wirral, Cheshire, England, July 2004

Length is 9-10 cm (3½-4 in), weight 6-12 g.

  • Mostly brown, in most populations with a reddish tint
  • Barred wing and tail feathers
  • Small tail (often cocked)
  • Pale buff underside (some populations almost as dark as the back)
  • Prominent pale supercilium
  • Bill slightly down curved

[edit] Variations

Island populations tends to be larger birds than continental populations. For example in Iceland and the Faroe Islands, wings, legs, and bill are longer than in the UK.

[edit] Distribution

In Europe from Iceland to central Scandinavia and south to the Mediterranean.
In Asia, it is widely distributed from north to south in the eastern end, but in central Asia, there is a gap separating those populations from western Asian and European populations.

[edit] Taxonomy

Subspecies T. t. cypriotes Photo © by lior kislevRosh Pina wadi, Galil, Israel, February 2009
Subspecies T. t. cypriotes
Photo © by lior kislev
Rosh Pina wadi, Galil, Israel, February 2009

Was formerly considered conspecific with Winter Wren and Pacific Wren, but the three were split on the basis of vocal and genetic evidence[1][2].

Rice et al (1999) proposed placing these species in a separate genus, Nannus3. Later molecular studies support this classification, because the closest relatives of Eurasian Wren, Winter Wren and Pacific Wren are not other members of the genus Troglodytes, but the Marsh and Sedge Wrens4, though this classification has not been followed by any of the main authorities[5][6].

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies T. t. hirtensis, St Kilda Wren Heavier barring, greyer (less rufus) plumage and stockier body than mainland speciesPhoto © by Bert SwanSeen on 430 metre cliff, Hirta, St Kilda, Outer Hebrides, Scotland
Subspecies T. t. hirtensis, St Kilda Wren
Heavier barring, greyer (less rufus) plumage and stockier body than mainland species
Photo © by Bert Swan
Seen on 430 metre cliff, Hirta, St Kilda, Outer Hebrides, Scotland
Subspecies T. t. taivanus Photo © by Mark BruceAnmashan, Taichung County, Taiwan, December 2008A high alpine subspecies found in forest undergrowth between 2000m-3400m
Subspecies T. t. taivanus
Photo © by Mark Bruce
Anmashan, Taichung County, Taiwan, December 2008
A high alpine subspecies found in forest undergrowth between 2000m-3400m

A total of 28-29 subspecies are accepted[5][6]:

[edit] Habitat

Can be found in almost any habitat, low down in undergrowth from gardens and woodland to clifftops.

[edit] Behaviour

Tends to keep low when flying.

[edit] Diet

Forages under dense cover for small insects and spiders.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is a ball of grass, leaves or other vegetation and may be placed in a bank hole, in thick vegetation or tucked under overhang. The clutch consists of 5-8 white eggs with brownish-red speckles. They are incubated for about 2 weeks and fledge around 16 or 17 days later.

There are usually 2 broods in the season which runs from April to August.

[edit] Vocalisation

Call: Hard, dry chit or chiti
Song: Loud (especially given its size) warbling. Can last up to ten seconds.

Song Clip
Recording © by Joseph Morlan
Rosyth, Fife, Scotland, UK, 03 August 2018

[edit] Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

[edit] References

  1. Dvoretski, S. V., et al. (2004). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 271: 545–551.
  2. Toews, D. P., & Irwin, D. E. (2008). Molecular Ecology 17 (11): 2691-2705.
  3. Rice, N. H., et al. (1999). Condor 101:446-451.
  4. Thread in Birdforum Taxonomy forum and references therein.
  5. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  6. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2014. IOC World Bird Names (version 4.4). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.

[edit] External Links



Advertisement


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.31779289 seconds with 6 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 05:22.