- Sturnella magna
Includes Lilian's Meadowlark
20–24 cm (7¾-9½ in). A medium-sized icterid.
- Yellow underparts
- Black "V" on breast
- White flanks with black streaks
- Upperparts are mainly brown with black streaks
- Long pointed bill
- Head is striped with light brown and black
The liliana group of subspecies are paler and with more white on wings than other subspecies
Very similar in appearance to the Western Meadowlark, but the Eastern usually has white malar instead of yellow and show more white in the tail. They are best distinguished by song.
Across eastern North America to South America. The ranges of the Eastern and Western Meadowlarks overlap across the center of the continent. These birds are permanent residents throughout much of their range. Northern birds migrate to the southern parts of the range.
The pale southwestern desert form, S. m. lilianae, was split by Sibley and Monroe as Lilian's Meadowlark. This split has not been accepted by subsequent authorities (AOU, Clements, Howard and Moore) but has been accepted in Handbook of Birds of the World. If accepted, it is uncertain which subspecies should in included with liliana: at least auropectoralis and possibly others found mostly in Mexico.
- S. m. hippocrepis: Cuba and Isle of Pines
- S. m. magna: Southern Ontario east to Quebec and south to northern Texas and north-eastern Georgia
- S. m. argutula: South-east Kansas and Oklahoma to eastern US (Carolinas to Florida)
- S. m. hoopesi: South Texas (Eagle Pass) to north Coahuila, Nuevo Le¢n and northern Tamaulipas
- S. m. auropectoralis: Mexico (Durango and Sinaloa to Michoacan, Mexico and north Puebla)
- S. m. saundersi: South Mexico (Oaxaca)
- S. m. alticola: Highlands of southern Mexico (Guerrero, southern Puebla, Veracruz) to Costa Rica
- S. m. mexicana: Caribbean slope of south-eastern Mexico (Veracruz and Tabasco to Chiapas)
- S. m. griscomi: South-eastern Mexico (arid coastal northern Yucatan Peninsula)
- S. m. inexpectata: Pine savanna of Belize, Pet‚n of Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
- S. m. subulata: Pacific slope of Panama
- S. m. meridionalis: Eastern Andes of Colombia to Andes of north-western Venezuela
- S. m. paralios: Northern Colombia and savannas of western Venezuela
- S. m. monticola: Tepuis of southern Venezuela (Mount Roraima)
- S. m. praticola: Llanos of eastern Colombia to southern Venezuela and northern Guyana
- S. m. quinta: Suriname and north-eastern Amazonian Brazil
- S. m. lilianae, Lilian's Meadowlark: Northern Arizona to eastern New Mexico, south-western Texas, southern Sonora and north-western Chihuahua
Their breeding habitat is grasslands and prairie, also pastures and hay fields.
These birds forage on the ground or in low vegetation, sometimes probing with its bill.
They mainly eat insects, but also seeds and berries. In winter, they often feed in flocks.
The nest is on the ground, covered with a roof woven from grasses. There may be more than one nesting female in a male's territory.
Examples of Eastern Meadowlark giving the song of Western Meadowlark are rare
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Birdforum thread discussing new splits in HBW16
- Birds of North America Online
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2022) Eastern Meadowlark. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 26 September 2022 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Eastern_Meadowlark
GSearch checked for 2020 platform.