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Eurasian Scops Owl

From Opus

Alternative names: Commmon Scops-Owl; European Scops-Owl

Photo © by JJM Lesvos, May 2003
Photo © by JJM
Lesvos, May 2003
Otus scops

Includes: Cyprus Scops Owl

Contents

[edit] Identification

JuvenilePhoto © by anzekBijela, Montenegro
Juvenile
Photo © by anzek
Bijela, Montenegro

16–20 cm (6¼-7¾ in)
Small, eared owl with yellow eyes. Its plumage is a grey-buff intricately marked with black provides excellent camouflage against tree bark when roosting.

Young birds are more strongly vermiculated than adults.

[edit] Distribution

Southern Europe, parts of North Africa, Asia Minor east to Central Asia. Many populations migratory, moving to Africa south of Sahara in winter.

[edit] Taxonomy

Originally formed superspecies with Oriental Scops Owl and African Scops Owl but is vocally and genetically distinct.

[edit] Subspecies

Six subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • O. s. scops:
  • O. s. pulchellus:
  • Volga River to Lake Baikal and south to Altai and Tien Shan Mountains
  • O. s. mallorcae:
  • O. s. cycladum:
  • O. s. cyprius:
  • Cyprus - split by IOC as Cyprus Scops Owl
  • O. s. turanicus:

Subspecies cycladum may be included in nominate form.

[edit] Habitat

Open or semi-open woodland, parks, plantations etc. Winters on savannah. Usually not conifers except in parts of Russian range.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

Nests in tree-holes and in cavities in rocks and walls.

[edit] Diet

Mainly insects and other invertebrates but also small lizards, frogs and small mammals.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2016. IOC World Bird Names (version 6.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.

[edit] External Links

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