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Northern Parula

From Opus

Photo by PaulyolyInterlachen, Florida.
Photo by Paulyoly
Interlachen, Florida.
Setophaga americana

Parula americana


[edit] Identification


  • Grey blue head and upperparts
  • Black lores
  • White eye-crescents
  • Olive back patch
  • 2 white wingbars
  • White tail-spots
  • White broken eye ring
  • Yellow legs
  • Throat and chest yellow with blackish-slate and rufous band across upper chest

Female: duller

FemalePhoto by bobsofpaMagee Marsh, Ohio, USA, May 2009
Photo by bobsofpa
Magee Marsh, Ohio, USA, May 2009

[edit] Distribution

Breeds in eastern North America (southern Canada to southern US). Migrating south to winter in east Mexico, reaching to the Caribbean and Nicaragua.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].
Formerly placed in genus Parula.

[edit] Habitat

Open woods; prefers woodlands with abundant tree lichens.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

It nest in trees in clumps of these mosses, laying 3-7 eggs in a scantily-lined cup nest.

[edit] Diet

JuvenilePhoto by DougLasljMichigan, USA, September 2008
Photo by DougLaslj
Michigan, USA, September 2008

Diet includes insects and spiders.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song: a click-like trill or buzz, zeeeeee-yip
Call: a soft chip

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. USGS

[edit] External Links


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