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Somali Crow

From Opus

Photo by volker sthamer Langano, Ethiopia, August 2008
Photo by volker sthamer
Langano, Ethiopia, August 2008

Alternative names: Ethiopian Raven; Dwarf Raven; Somali Raven; Lesser Brown-necked Raven

Corvus edithae


[edit] Identification

46cm. A large raven.

  • Mostly black plumage
  • Glossed dark green on crown and upperparts
  • Glossed violet on upperwing and tail
  • Shiny brown nape, upper mantle, throat and side of neck

[edit] Similar species

Differs from Common Raven by much smaller size, shorter throat hackles, brown colour on head and neck and narrower wings with more pointed wingtip.

[edit] Distribution

Found in Eritrea, Djibouti, eastern and southern Ethiopia, Somalia, extreme southeastern South Sudan, and northern Kenya.
Common and widespread in its range.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.
Formerly considered conspecific with Brown-necked Raven but may be closer related to Pied Crow.

[edit] Habitat

Semi-desert and desert, dry savanna. Also in oasis, desert settlements and rubbish dumps.

[edit] Behaviour

Omnivorous. The diet includes carrion, snakes, locusts, grasshoppers, fruit and grain. Known to kill newborn lambs and gazelles.
Breeding season differs through range. It nest in trees or on cliffs; 4-5 eggs are laid and incubated for 20-22 days. The young fledge 37 or 38 days later.
A sedentary species.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507

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