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Paddyfield Pipit

From Opus

Subspecies A. r. malayensisPhoto © by JasnjohnPutrajaya, Malaysia, March 2006
Subspecies A. r. malayensis
Photo © by Jasnjohn
Putrajaya, Malaysia, March 2006

Alternative name: Oriental Pipit

Anthus rufulus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Subspecies A. r. rufulus - JuvenilePhoto © by Shantilal VaruBhavnagar, Gujarat, India, August 2016
Subspecies A. r. rufulus - Juvenile
Photo © by Shantilal Varu
Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India, August 2016

15–16 cm (5¾-6 in)

  • Long creamy-buff supercilium
  • Upperparts streaked greyish-brown
  • Pale underparts with breast streaking
  • Long legs andd tail and a long dark bill
  • Sexes are similar
  • Juveniles have warmer brown upperparts.

[edit] Distribution

Asia: found in Mongolia, China, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Japan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Malay Peninsula, Brunei, Singapore, Philippines, Borneo, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, Bali, Timor

[edit] Taxonomy

Subspecies A. r. rufulusPhoto © by S K GudiHubli, India, January 2017
Subspecies A. r. rufulus
Photo © by S K Gudi
Hubli, India, January 2017

This species was formerly a part of a much larger species called Anthus novaseelandiae which was split in African Pipit, Mountain Pipit, Paddyfield Pipit, Richard's Pipit and Australasian Pipit.

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies A. r. waiteiPhoto © by Alok TewariSultanpur National Park, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, August-2016
Subspecies A. r. waitei
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Sultanpur National Park, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, August-2016

Around six subspecies recognized[1]

  • A. r. waitei:
  • North-western Indian subcontinent
  • A. r. rufulus:
  • A. r. malayensis:
  • A. r. lugubris:
  • A. r. albidus:
  • A. r. medius:
  • Eastern Lesser Sundas (Sawu, Timor, Roti, Kisar, Leti, Moa, Sermata)

[edit] Habitat

Open country, grasslands, ricefields, scrub and parks up to 1500m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Movements

A resident species.

[edit] Breeding

Subspecies malayensisPhoto © by mastok noeryantoLangkawi, Malaysia
Subspecies malayensis
Photo © by mastok noeryanto
Langkawi, Malaysia

A ground-nester. The cup-shaped nest is woven from grass and leaves, lined with fine grass, roots and maybe dry moss. The clutch contains 3-4 greenish eggs with smalls brown spots at the larger end..

There are usually at least two broods, maybe three, each year.

[edit] Diet

Their main diet consists of insects and their larvae, such as weevils, ants and termites.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Sultanpur village, Dist. Gurgaon Haryana, India, Aug-2016
Cummunating call given by one individual at Sunset-time;
and another brief call by an individual as it flew off.

Listen in an external program
Nazafgarh Wetlands, Dist. Gurgaon Haryana, India, Dec-2016

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2015)
  4. The Beauty of Birds
  5. BF Member observations
  6. Here is a thread discussing the identification of Paddyfield Pipit. [[1]]

[edit] External Links


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