Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Zeiss - Always on the lookout for something special – Shop now

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Paddyfield Pipit

From Opus

Subspecies A. r. malayensisPhoto © by JasnjohnPutrajaya, Malaysia, March 2006
Subspecies A. r. malayensis
Photo © by Jasnjohn
Putrajaya, Malaysia, March 2006

Alternative name: Oriental Pipit

Anthus rufulus


[edit] Identification

Subspecies A. r. rufulus - JuvenilePhoto © by Shantilal VaruBhavnagar, Gujarat, India, August 2016
Subspecies A. r. rufulus - Juvenile
Photo © by Shantilal Varu
Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India, August 2016

15–16 cm (5¾-6 in)

  • Long creamy-buff supercilium
  • Upperparts streaked greyish-brown
  • Pale underparts with breast streaking
  • Long legs andd tail and a long dark bill
  • Sexes are similar
  • Juveniles have warmer brown upperparts.

[edit] Distribution

Asia: found in Mongolia, China, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Japan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Malay Peninsula, Brunei, Singapore, Philippines, Borneo, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, Bali, Timor

[edit] Taxonomy

Subspecies A. r. rufulusPhoto © by S K GudiHubli, India, January 2017
Subspecies A. r. rufulus
Photo © by S K Gudi
Hubli, India, January 2017

This species was formerly a part of a much larger species called Anthus novaseelandiae which was split in African Pipit, Mountain Pipit, Paddyfield Pipit, Richard's Pipit and Australasian Pipit.

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies A. r. waiteiPhoto © by Alok TewariSultanpur National Park, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, August-2016
Subspecies A. r. waitei
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Sultanpur National Park, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, August-2016

Around six subspecies recognized[1]

  • A. r. waitei:
  • North-western Indian subcontinent
  • A. r. rufulus:
  • A. r. malayensis:
  • A. r. lugubris:
  • A. r. albidus:
  • A. r. medius:
  • Eastern Lesser Sundas (Sawu, Timor, Roti, Kisar, Leti, Moa, Sermata)

[edit] Habitat

Open country, grasslands, ricefields, scrub and parks up to 1500m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Movements

A resident species.

[edit] Breeding

Subspecies malayensisPhoto © by mastok noeryantoLangkawi, Malaysia
Subspecies malayensis
Photo © by mastok noeryanto
Langkawi, Malaysia

A ground-nester. The cup-shaped nest is woven from grass and leaves, lined with fine grass, roots and maybe dry moss. The clutch contains 3-4 greenish eggs with smalls brown spots at the larger end..

There are usually at least two broods, maybe three, each year.

[edit] Diet

Their main diet consists of insects and their larvae, such as weevils, ants and termites.

[edit] Vocalisation

Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Sultanpur village, Dist. Gurgaon Haryana, India, Aug-2016
Cummunating call given by one individual at Sunset-time;
and another brief call by an individual as it flew off.

Listen in an external program
Nazafgarh Wetlands, Dist. Gurgaon Haryana, India, Dec-2016

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2015)
  4. The Beauty of Birds
  5. BF Member observations
  6. Here is a thread discussing the identification of Paddyfield Pipit. [[1]]

[edit] External Links


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.26497698 seconds with 6 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 17:55.