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Red-rumped Swallow

From Opus

Photo © by alibenn Photo taken: Beidaihe, China
Photo © by alibenn
Photo taken: Beidaihe, China
Cecropis daurica

Includes: West African Swallow
Hirundo daurica

Contents

[edit] Identification

16–17 cm (6¼-6¾ in)
Warm buff underparts that vary geographically from plain to quite strongly streaked (especially in northern China). Dark, glossy-blue upperparts, noticeably interrupted by chestnut nape and pale rufous rump. Black vent and undertail coverts is a prominent feature in Europe but is much reduced in birds from e.g., India.

[edit] Similar Species

Photo © by john-henryExtremadura, Spain
Photo © by john-henry
Extremadura, Spain

Lacks the dark red face and breast band with sharp contrast to pale belly of Barn Swallow but instead has more black on the rear (vent is pale in Barn Swallow). Looks more thickset in flight which also gives impression of being slower. In area of overlap, Striated Swallow must also be considered.

[edit] Distribution

Portugal and Spain to Japan, Nepal, India and tropical Africa. At least northernmost populations are migratory, in winter ranges to Southern Africa and northern Australia.

Often occurs as vagrant north of breeding ranges, for example in Britain and Denmark.

[edit] Taxonomy

Notice the black on both undertail and uppertail coverts making the tail look like it has been glued on.Photo © by waterrailusLesvos, May 2017
Notice the black on both undertail and uppertail coverts making the tail look like it has been glued on.
Photo © by waterrailus
Lesvos, May 2017

Previously included in genus Hirundo
Sri Lanka Swallow was formerly included in this species.

[edit] Subspecies

Photo © by surunairBird from India: notice the smaller area of black on undertail coverts compared to European birds Kerala, India, December 2012
Photo © by surunair
Bird from India: notice the smaller area of black on undertail coverts compared to European birds
Kerala, India, December 2012
Nest. If you see such a structure, please do not lingerPhoto © by njlarsenNear Castro Verde, Alentejo, Portugal, June 2013
Nest. If you see such a structure, please do not linger
Photo © by njlarsen
Near Castro Verde, Alentejo, Portugal, June 2013

Nine[1] or ten subspecies are recognised.

C. d. domicella from West Africa is sometimes split as West African Swallow,

[edit] Habitat

Plains, grassland, rocky outcrops.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They build nests with a tunnel entrance lined with mud, 3-6 eggs are laid. They normally nest under sea or inland cliff overhangs, in caves, rock clefts or under bridges.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song: A twittering warble


Listen in an external program

[edit] Gallery

Click images to see larger version

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. BF Member observations
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  5. Birdforum Id-forum thread discussing red-rumped swallow.
  6. Birdforum Id-forum thread discussing red-rumped swallow.

[edit] External Links


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