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Tawny Eagle

From Opus

Nominate subspeciesPhoto by juninhoMaasai Mara National Park, Kenya
Nominate subspecies
Photo by juninho
Maasai Mara National Park, Kenya
Aquila rapax


[edit] Identification

60–75 cm (23½-29½ in)
Tawny upperparts and blackish flight feathers and tail. The lower back is very pale.
Tawny Eagle has nostrils on a diagonal that is almost vertical, and the gape goes back only to mid eye.

[edit] Similar species

Wahlberg's Eagle and Steppe Eagle

[edit] Distribution

Subspecies A. r. vindhianaPhoto by Alok Tewari  Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India, February-2016
Subspecies A. r. vindhiana
Photo by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India, February-2016

Africa. Widespread and common in sub-Saharan Africa breeding from southern Ethiopia and northern Kenya south to eastern South Africa. Also breeds within the Western Palearctic in Morocco and a small area of northern Algeria. Formerly also bred in Tunisia. Locally also in India, Pakistan and southern Nepal.

Mainly resident but has occurred further north in Morocco and as a vagrant elsewhere in North Africa east to Egypt and exceptionally also recorded in Israel. In Europe recorded in Spain and Sardinia.

[edit] Taxonomy

Considered conspecific with Steppe Eagle A. nipalensis by some authors.

[edit] Subspecies

Three subspecies recognized[1]:

Vindhiana is sometimes included in Steppe Eagle or accepted as full species.

[edit] Habitat

Semi-arid Acacia savanna, and also semi-desert, and steppes.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

It lays 1–3 eggs in a stick nest in a small trees, crags, rocks and ruins, or on the ground.

Nominate subspeciesPhoto by Mybs Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, South Africa.
Nominate subspecies
Photo by Mybs
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, South Africa.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes largely fresh carrion; it will kill small mammals up to the size of a rabbit, reptiles and birds up to the size of guineafowl. It will also steal food from other raptors.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Sinclair et al. 2002. Birds of Southern Africa. Princeton Field Guides, Princeton, New Jersey, USA. ISBN 0-691-09682-1
  3. Birdforum thread discussing nostril characters

[edit] External Links


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