[ edit] Identification
13Â·5 cm (5Â¼ in)
[ edit] Distribution Europe and Asia, Africa, Middle East
Eastern Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Finland, The Netherlands, France, Corsica, Portugal, Spain, Ibiza, Mallorca, Canary Islands, Gran Canaria, Gomera, Tenerife, Extremadura, Gibraltar, Monaco, Switzerland, Italy, Sardinia, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Lesvos, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt
Western Africa Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, Niger, Chad
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq
Vagrants recorded in the British Isles.
[ edit] Taxonomy
[ edit] Subspecies
There are 3 subspecies
Formerly Egypt (Faiyum region). Extinct
Four additional subspecies, leucogastra, carmichaellowi, pasiphae and valverdei are not accepted by all authorities .
[ edit] Habitat
Coastal scrub, salt marshes, heathland, arid scrubland, open woodland with gorse; riverside shrubs, olive, almond and orchid plantations. Parks and gardens.
[ edit] Behaviour
[ edit] Breeding
They builds their nest in low shrub or brambles, laying 3-6 eggs.
The diet consists mostly of arthropods, but they also eat a lot of fruit, particularly in the autumn and winter, with the addition of nectar too.
[ edit] Vocalisation
Listen in an external program
[ edit] References
Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2018)
BF Member observations
[ edit] External Links