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Sardinian Warbler - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by squidfish
Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife
Sylvia melanocephala

Identification

Female
Photo © by Donald Talbott
Elounda, Crete, Greece, May 2018

13·5 cm (5¼ in)
Male

  • Grey back
  • White underparts
  • Black head
  • White throat
  • Red eyes

Female

  • Brown upperparts
  • Buff underparts
  • Grey head

Distribution

Europe and Asia, Africa, Middle East
Eastern Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Finland, The Netherlands, France, Corsica, Portugal, Spain, Ibiza, Mallorca, Canary Islands, Gran Canaria, Gomera, Tenerife, Extremadura, Gibraltar, Monaco, Switzerland, Italy, Sardinia, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Lesvos, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt
Western Africa Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, Niger, Chad
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq

Vagrants recorded in the British Isles.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Juvenile
Photo © by Donald Talbott
Elounda, Crete, Greece, May 2018

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • S. m. melanocephala:
  • S. m. norrisae:
  • Formerly Egypt (Faiyum region). Extinct
  • S. m. momus:


Four additional subspecies,leucogastra, carmichaellowi, pasiphae and valverdei are not accepted by all authorities[1].

Habitat

Coastal scrub, salt marshes, heathland, arid scrubland, open woodland with gorse; riverside shrubs, olive, almond and orchid plantations. Parks and gardens.

Behaviour

Breeding

They builds their nest in low shrub or brambles, laying 3-6 eggs.

Diet

The diet consists mostly of arthropods, but they also eat a lot of fruit, particularly in the autumn and winter, with the addition of nectar too.

Vocalisation

Listen in an external program

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2018)
  4. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

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