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Sardinian Warbler

From Opus

Photo © by squidfishPuerto de la Cruz, Tenerife
Photo © by squidfish
Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife
Sylvia melanocephala

Contents

[edit] Identification

FemalePhoto ©  by Donald TalbottElounda, Crete, Greece, May 2018
Female
Photo © by Donald Talbott
Elounda, Crete, Greece, May 2018

13·5 cm (5¼ in)
Male

  • Grey back
  • White underparts
  • Black head
  • White throat
  • Red eyes

Female

  • Brown upperparts
  • Buff underparts
  • Grey head

[edit] Distribution

Europe and Asia, Africa, Middle East
Eastern Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Finland, The Netherlands, France, Corsica, Portugal, Spain, Ibiza, Mallorca, Canary Islands, Gran Canaria, Gomera, Tenerife, Extremadura, Gibraltar, Monaco, Switzerland, Italy, Sardinia, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Lesvos, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt
Western Africa Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, Niger, Chad
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq

Vagrants recorded in the British Isles.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

JuvenilePhoto © by Donald TalbottElounda, Crete, Greece, May 2018
Juvenile
Photo © by Donald Talbott
Elounda, Crete, Greece, May 2018

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • S. m. melanocephala:
  • S. m. norrisae:
  • Formerly Egypt (Faiyum region). Extinct
  • S. m. momus:


Four additional subspecies,leucogastra, carmichaellowi, pasiphae and valverdei are not accepted by all authorities[1].

[edit] Habitat

Coastal scrub, salt marshes, heathland, arid scrubland, open woodland with gorse; riverside shrubs, olive, almond and orchid plantations. Parks and gardens.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They builds their nest in low shrub or brambles, laying 3-6 eggs.

[edit] Diet

The diet consists mostly of arthropods, but they also eat a lot of fruit, particularly in the autumn and winter, with the addition of nectar too.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2018)
  4. Wikipedia
  5. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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